As part of the revision of the Stock Corporation Law, the provisions on reserves have been restructured and brought into line with accounting law (Art. 671 - 673 Code of Obligations (CO)) and the order in which they are to be set off against losses has been determined (Art. 674 CO).
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The Federal Administrative Court has published an interesting ruling in the area of VAT in connection with the validation of transactions and new blocks in two decentralised blockchain-based networks (Polkadot and Kusama).
Experience has shown that inheritance is a particularly emotional matter. If one wants to avoid unnecessary disputes and not create additional ambiguities, it is recommended not to use standard, formulaic forfeiture clauses, but to examine in each individual case whether such a clause makes sense and, if necessary, to tailor it to the case.
Board members of Swiss companies have to deal with different issues regarding taxes and social security contributions if they have their domicile outside of Switzerland. Regarding taxation, the corresponding double tax treaties will be applicable. If the board member is a citizen of the EU, the applicable social security system will be determined in accordance with the Agreement on the Free Movement of Persons between the EU and Switzerland.
Switzerland and Germany have amended in a new consultative agreement of April 6, 2023, the rules for the taxation of employees in executive positions and with power to represent the company.
Owners of cryptocurrencies have to declare the number and tax value per December 31, 2022, in their private tax declaration 2022. The value published by the Swiss Federal Tax Administration SFTA in the list of exchange rates is decisive.
Percentage Determination of the Capital Bandwidth
In Switzerland, taxes are levied at federal, cantonal and municipal level. This is, in particular, the case with income and capital taxes for legal entities and income and wealth taxes for individuals. The tax burden between the cantons and also between municipalities within the same canton may vary considerably.
Conditional Share Capital vs. Capital Band: Picture Puzzle Under Company Law